Although English is not as old as Chinese, it is spoken by many people around the world every day. English speakers are always creating(创造) new words, and we are often able to know where most words come from.
Sometimes , however, no one may really know where a word comes from. Did you ever think about why hamburgers(汉堡包) are called hamburgers, especially when they are not made with ham(火腿)? About a hundred years ago, some men went to America from Europe. They came from a big city in Germany called Hamburg. They did not speak good English, but they ate good food. When some Americans saw them eating round pieces of beef(牛肉), they asked the Germans what it was. The Germans did not understand the question and answered, “We come from Hamburg.” One of these Americans owned a restaurant, and had an idea. He cooked some round pieces of beef like those which the men from Hamburg ate. Then he put each between two pieces of bread and started selling them. Such bread came to be called “hamburgers”. Today “hamburgers” are sold in many countries around the world.
Whether this story is true or not, it certainly is interesting. Knowing why any word has a certain meaning is interesting. too. This reason, for most English words, can be found in any large English dictionary.
1. According to the writer, English is .
A. as old as Chinese B. older than German
C. not so old as Chinese D. very difficult to learn
2. Hamburg is .
A. a kind of food B. a round piece of beef
C. the name of a village D. a city in Germany
3. According to the story, .
A. few Americans like hamburgers B. hamburgers are made with beef
C. hamburgers are made with ham D. hamburgers were first sold about a century ago
4. According to the writer, which of the following can often be found in any large English dictionary?
A. Where all the new words come from
B. Where those Germans came癫痫病沈阳哪家医院好 from
C. The reason why a word has a certain meaning
D. The reason why English is spoken around the world
5. According to the story, the word “hamburger” comes from .
A. China because it has a long history
B. England because Germans don’t speak good English
C. the round pieces of beef which those people from Hamburg were eating
D. English speakers because they always create new words
1C 2 D 3 D 4 C 5 C
In 1933 an unknown American called Clarence Nash went to see the filmmaker Walt Disney. He had an unusual voice and he wanted to work in Disney’s cartoon(动画片) film for children. When Walt Disney heard Nash’s voice, he said “Stop! That’s our duck!”
The duck was the now-famous Donald Duck, who first appeared in 1934 in the film The Wise Little Hen. Donald lived in an old houseboat(水上住家) and wore his sailor jacket and hat. Later that year he became a star after an eight-minute Mickey Mouse film. The cinema audience liked him because he was lazy and greedy(贪婪的), and because he lost his temper(发脾气) very quickly . And they loved his voice when he became angry with Mickey’s eight nephews(侄子). Soon Donald was more popular than Mickey Mouse himself, probably because he wasn’t a goody-goody like Mickey.
In the 1930S,’ 40s and ‘50s Donald and hid friends Mickey , Goofy and Pluto made hundreds of Disney cartoons. He also made educational films about the place of the USA in the world, and safety in the home. Then in 1966 Donald Duck and his voice disappeared---there were no more new cartoons.
Clarence Nash died in February, 1985. But today’s children can still see the old cartoons on television and hear that famous voice.
1. Who made Donald Duck film?
A. Mickey Mouse B. Clarence Nash C. Walt Disney D. Pluto
2. When was the first Donald Duck film made?
A.In 1933 B. In 1934 C. In 1966 D. In 1930
3. Who was Clarence Nash?
A. A cartoonist B. Donald Duck’s voice C. A 合肥癫痫病医院哪最好film-maker D. A film star
4. Where do today’s children see Donald Duck?
A. In new film B. At the cinema C. On television D. At concerts
5. The underlined word audience in the second paragraph means .
A. reads B.formal interview C. law freedom D. the people who watch a film at a cinema
6. The underlined word goody-goody in the second paragraph means a person who .
A. likes to appear to be faultless in behaviour
B. who likes to appear to be faulty in behaviour
C. dislikes to appear to be faultless in behaviour
D. dislikes to be faulty in behaviour
1C 2 B 3 B 4 C 5 D 6 A
Why do we have in a camera a lens(镜头)instead of a simple hole?
The reason can be seen from the figures(图像).
In Figure 1, the hole is small. Rays of light from a point (P1)outside reach a very small part of the wall opposite, and we see there a small point. But when the hole is bigger, as in Figure 2, rays from the point(P2)can cover a larger part of the wall opposite, and we don’t see a clear point, Rays from other points(Q) outside can also fall on the same place inside. Therefore the picture is not clear when the hole is big and it is not bright when the hole is small because very very little light can pass through it.. We can get better result with a lens. If the lens is made in the shape shown in Figure 3, all the rays of light from the point(P3) are thrown on point(P’) inside. The picture which we see, therefore, is clear, and it is also bright because more light can pass through a lens than through a small hole.
1. In Figure 1 we see a faint small point on the wall because .
A. the point(P1) is very small B. the hole isn’t big enough
C. light rays don’t travel in straight lines D. light rays can’t pass through a small hole
2. Figure 2 shows that the bigger the hole is, .
A. the more light can pass through B. the clearer the picture will be
C. the better result we wi黑龙江哪家医院治癫痫病好ll get D. the faster the light rays travel
3. From figure 3, we can see a lens .
A. can form a clear picture B. can make light go in a straight line
C. can help light rays to go faster D. cannot give the picture more light than in Fig. 2
4. The main idea of the second paragraph of the article is that .
A. a smaller hole is better than a bigger one
B. big holes are better than small ones
C. both a big hole and a small one have their weak points
D. light rays are sure to pass through a hole no matter it is big or small
5. Which of the following statements is true?
A. Light can go through all kinds of materials
B. A camera can’t be made without a lens
C. The lens is only used in a camera
D. Most of the light we get is from the lens
1B 2 A 3 A 4 D 5 B
Overhead bridges are found in many parts of Beijing, especially in places where traffic is very heavy and crossing the road is dangerous.
The purpose of these bridges is to enable pedestrians (行人) to cross roads safely. Overhead bridges are used to very much the same way as zebra crossings. They are more efficient (效率高的) although less convenient because people have to climb up a long flight of steps. This is inconvenient especially to older people. When pedestrains use an overhead bridge, they do not hold up traffic. However, when they cross a busy road using a zebra crossing, traffic is held up. This is why the government has built many overhead bridges to help pedestrians and to keep traffic moving at the same time.
The government of Beijing has spent a large amount of money on building these bridges. For their own safety, pedestrians should be encouraged to use them instead of risking (冒…危险) their lives by dashing across the road. Old people , however , may find it a little difficult climbing up and down the steps, but it is still much safer than walking across the road with all the danger of moving traffic.癫痫病有哪些病因呢
Overhead bridges serve a very useful purpose. Pedestrians, both old and young, should make it a habit to use them. This will prevent unnecessary accidents and loss of life.
1. What is the advantage of overhead bridges mentioned in this passage?
A. Taller trucks can pass under them.
B. Pedestrians can climb up and have a view of the city.
C. They are safer for pedestrians and can keep traffic moving at the same time.
D. They are easier and more convenient for the pedestrians.
2. Why were overhead bridges built in Beijing?
A. Because they prevent traffic from being held up.
B. Because they provide an easy way for the drivers to cross the road.
C. Because they save money for the government.
D. Because they save time for the pedestrians.
3. Which of the following statements is true according to the passage?
A. Overhead bridges are found in every part of Beijing.
B. Overhead bridges are only found in the centre of Beijing.
C. Overhead bridges are found in many parts of big cities in China.
D. Overhead bridges are found in places where traffic is heavy.
4. The underlined words a zebra crossing probably mean ________.
A. a safe place across a road for pedestrians to walk across the road
B. a wild animal from Africa that looks like a horse with broad dark brown and white stripes
on its body
C. a safe place across a road for zebras to walk across the road
D. a safe place across a road for children to play a game
5. What is the writer’s attitude towards overhead bridges?
A. It is inconvenient to older people to walk across the road.
B. It is much safer for pedestrians though climbing up and down the steps may be a little difficult,
C. An overhead bridge is more beautiful than a zebra crossing.
D. To build overhead bridges is the business of the government.
1C 2 A 3 D 4 A 5 B